Know Your Customer (KYC) is a process through which Assembly collects and managed information on users that we send money to. Assembly is required to collect information on users in line with regulators and third parties, the information we collect helps Assembly prevent fraud and meet Anti-Money Laundering requirements.
Assembly conducts regular checks on pay-out users (people you are sending money to) and the following information should help you understand how this works, as well as what your obligations are.
In order for Assembly to meet its obligations, we require you to pass us certain information about users that you are using your platform. Details on what information Assembly requires can be found here.
A user on your platform will go through the following states:
A user in
pending state has not submitted the complete required information for KYC. See Fraud prevention for information we require for KYC, then update the user information accordingly.
A user in a
pending_check state has submitted all of the required KYC information but has not yet been reviewed by Assembly. A user will not enter the state of
pending_check until that user's digital wallet has a positive balance.
When a user’s KYC information is flagged, we review the user’s profile and account to see that the information that was provided to us is accurate, consistent, and sensible.
If a user’s information passes KYC review, the verification state transitions to
approved_kyc_check. Otherwise, we may hold the user to verify the information that he or she provided on your platform. See the section below on held states to understand what happens when a user fails KYC review.
On the other hand, a user who is not flagged for KYC review is treated in good standing and enters the approved state.
A user in
approved_kyc_check has passed KYC review but has to undergo an underwriting (U/W) review to assess their level of prepayment risk.
If a user passes underwriting review, the verification state transitions to
approved. Otherwise, we hold the user to verify the information that he or she provided on your platform. See the section below on held states to understand what happens when a user fails an underwriting review.
Note that even users in an approved state can revert to this state and undergo underwriting review to satisfy our risk appetite. Please note that we do not disclose our risk classifiers to ensure your platform’s security and integrity.
A user in an
approved state is considered in good standing and can receive payments normally on your platform.
To facilitate smooth testing workflows on pre-live, you can use the Verify User API call to transition a user to the approved state. Note that this call will only work on our pre-live environment. The KYC workflow holds for all users in production.
A user may be held when he or she fails the KYC or underwriting review. This means that the user is suspected of submitting dubious or false information on your platform. When a user is held, we request the user to provide identification to support the information he or she provided on the platform. Our team then scrutinises the information provided to assess whether or not the user is genuine.
Users held due to failed KYC or underwriting review retain the
verification_state they last had, which is
approved_kyc_check. Meanwhile, the
Note that users can be held due to other reasons, which may be for their protection. For example, a user who has been a victim of an account takeover due to a phishing scam may be held to secure their account and credentials. For these instances, the user is held until we are sure that he or she has regained control of the account.
As KYC and underwriting are ongoing processes, all users undergo continuous review and can revert to prior verification states if they are flagged.
The KYC process also renews every 12 months, or when a user updates his or her information. If any of your user’s basic information changes, we review the user again following the KYC workflow.
We may also renew the KYC process for a user at the request of our merchant bank.
For more information on KYC and Assembly, refer to the following articles: